The Q-bank Fungi database contains DNA sequence data (barcodes), and for some species morphological, phenotypical and ecological data, of more than 725 species that are of relevance to mycological phytopathology. Currently, the database focuses on members, especially those of quarantine importance to Europe and their closest relatives, of the fungal genera Phoma and associated genera (352 species, for all sequence data and morphology/physiology data for 119 species), Colletotrichum(107 species, for all sequence data and morphology/physiology data for 15 species), Ceratocystis(30 species; sequence data only), Melampsora (20 species; sequence data only), Monilinia(7 species; sequence data only), Mycosphaerellaand its anamorphs (51 species; sequence data only), Puccinia (19 species; sequence data only), Stenocarpella (6 species; sequence data only), Thecaphora (8 species; sequence data only), Verticillium (37 species; sequence data only), and the Oomycete genus Phytophthora(98 species, for all sequence data and morphology/physiology data for 75 species). Besides plant pathogens these genera also contain many opportunistic and saprophytic organisms. For correct identification of the causal agent of a disease, it is important that one can distinguish between these different organisms.
Contents of the Q-bank Fungi database
Identification of fungi relies heavily on sequence information in public online databases. The Q-bank fungal databases only contain data of properly documented strains that are, in most cases, regarded as type material or reference strains available from collections. Next to the sequence data, morphological features are included for selected species of Phoma and associated genera, Colletotrichumand the Oomycete genus Phytophthora, to further secure proper identification of your material. For more details, please refer to the relevant "What is in the database" sections under the organism groups in the "Organisms included" menu and the "Included sequences" item in the "Methodology" menu.
EPPO and the EU Council Directive
The distribution as well as relevant EPPO-protocols for the quarantine fungi can be downloaded from www.eppo.int and hyperlinks are provided to these in the Q-bank Fungi database. Likewise, a link is provided to the latest consolidated version of the EU Council Directive 2000/29/EC.
How to obtain specimens or strains?
Q-bank Fungi contains both species and strains tables; therefore all species have strain(s) linked to them. Information on the strains can be found by following the link between the species and strains tables (the field called "Associated strains in Q-bank"). Fungal strains used in the Q-bank database can be ordered through the links to the external culture collections or contact information available for those strains provided in the strain table.
Detailed protocols for the DNA isolation and PCR amplification of the genera are included on this website. A flow diagram showing the workflow for the identification of specific quarantine species included in the database is available under the Methodology menu.
How to contribute to, or provide feedback on, Q-bank Fungi
Please feel free to contact the curators (contact information on this page) if you want to contribute data to the database or have any suggestions or comments for improvement of the database. Click on this paragraph to obtain the guidelines / minimum requirements for contributions.
Q-bank Fungi - flyer
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